15 October 2019
7:00 pm
Tech&Society: “Ciberdiplomacy” with Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar
Conference, Debate
Espacio Fundación Telefónica

Ciberdiplomacy: The role of Internarional Relations in the world of emerging technologies


Aspen Institute España and Fundación Telefónica held a new session of the Tech & Society Program 2019 with a conference entitled “Cyberdiplomacy: The role of International Relations in the world of emerging technologies” with Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar, Special Ambassador for Cyberdiplomacy in the Ministry of Public Affairs from Estonia. Áurea Moltó, deputy director of Foreign Policy and Director of politicaexterior.com, moderated the meeting with the public.

Technological development and advancement have become the backbone of modern societies and the economy. With greater interdependence, societies come face to face with the growing destabilizing threat of cyberspace. During her presentation, Ambassador Tiirmaa-Klaar delved into and discussed the growing global interconnection led by information and telecommunications technologies, how to promote responsible behavior by the State in cyberspace, or what the international community can do to mitigate possible threats. The speaker addressed these issues by analyzing the political, legal and technical aspects of cyberspace.


This event was interpreted in Spanish sign language and took place in English with simultaneous translation into Spanish. It was followed in streaming here and in social media with the hashtag  #TechSociety.




Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar is the Special Ambassador for Cyber ​​Diplomacy at the Estonian Ministry of Public Affairs. Until her appointment in autumn 2018, she was the Director of Cyber ​​Policy Coordination at the European External Action Service, where she led and coordinated European foreign relations on cyber affairs since 2012. Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar has worked in cybersecurity since 2007 when she led the development of the Estonian Cybersecurity strategy. Between 2008 and 2010, she coordinated the implementation of the Estonian strategy, led the National Cybersecurity Council and the development of the Estonian national cyber system as well as public-private partnerships on cybersecurity. In 2011, she joined NATO’s International Cabinet to develop a new Cyber ​​Defense policy. She began her professional career holding various positions of responsibility at the Estonian Ministry of Defense and at the University of Tallinn. She received a Fullbright Fellowship to George Washington University and has published articles in numerous academic journals throughout her professional career.

ÁUREA MOLTÓ (@aureamolto)

Áurea Moltó is deputy director of Foreign Policy and director of politicaexterior.com. She has been an advisor in the Secretary of State of Spain, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation. She holds a degree in Information Sciences from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and she cokmpleted postgraduate studies in the Contemporary Latin America program of the Ortega y Gasset University Institute. She has been a Senior Visiting Fellow at The Inter-American Dialogue (Washington DC). She collaborates with media such as RNE, El País, Ethic and Latin American Advisor. In addition to being passionate about international journalism, she is an activist for the equal participation of women in international relations.


Recommended Readings

1. Petraeus, David; Fanning, Tom; Allen, Thad; Sherwood-Randall, Elizabeth. ‘Managing Risk in the Age of Cyberterrorism’, Aspen Ideas, 2016.
2. Burns, Williams; Packer, George; Kelly, Mary Louise. ‘Is Diplomacy Dead?’, Aspen Ideas, 2019.
3. Stoltenberg, Jens. ‘NATO Chief on Cyberspace, Trump, and Threats from Abroad’, The Aspen Institute, July 30, 2019.
4. Plantera, Federico. ‘Protecting democracy and the digital way of life, with cyber diplomat Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar’, E-Estonia, January 2019.
5. Tiirmaa-Klaar, Heli; Zeuthen, Kasper. ‘EU Now Season 2 Episode 19 – Estonia´s Cybersecurity Ambassador on Improving Global Cyber Defences’, EU Now, May 8, 2019.
6. Tiirmaa-Klaar, Heli. ‘Cyber Security Threats and Responses at Global, Nation-State, Industry and Individual Levels’, SciencesPo, March, 2011.
7. VÍDEO: NInterview with Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar

More information


  • Áurea Moltó
Espacio Fundación Telefónica
  • Conference
  • Debate